Recent Publications:

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Koestner, R., Holding, A.C. (in-press). A generative legacy: SDT’s refined understanding of the central role of autonomy in human lives. Motivation Science.

Moore, A.M., Holding, A.C., Buchardt, L., Koestner, R. (2021). On the efficacy of volitional personality change in young adulthood: Convergent evidence using a longitudinal personal goal paradigm. Motivation and Emotion.

Holding, A.C., Moore, E., Moore, A., Verner-Filion, J., Ouellet-Morin, I., Koestner, R. (2021). When goal pursuit gets hairy: A longitudinal goal study examining the role of controlled motivation and action crises in predicting changes in hair cortisol, perceived stress, health and depression symptoms. Clinical Psychological Science. 

Levine, S.L., Milyavskaya, M. Powers, T.A., Holding, A.C. & Koestner, R. (2021). Autonomous motivation and support flourishes for individuals higher in collaborative personality factors: Agreeableness, assisted autonomy striving and secure attachment. 

Verner‐Filion, J., Schellenberg, B.J., Holding, A.C., Koestner, R. (2020). Passion and grit in the pursuit of long-term personal goals in college students. Learning and Individual Differences. 

Jungert, T., Levine, S., & Koestner, R. (2020). Examining how parent and teacher enthusiasm influences motivation and achievement in STEM. The Journal of Educational Research. 

Levine, S. L., Holding, A. C., Milyavskaya, M., Powers, T. A., & Koestner, R. (2020). Collaborative autonomy: The dynamic relations between personal goal autonomy and perceived autonomy support in emerging adulthood results in positive affect and goal progress. Motivation Science.

Smyth, A., Werner, K., & Milyavskaya, M., Holding,. A.C, Koestner, R. (2020). Do mindful people set better goals? Investigating the relation between trait mindfulness, self-concordance, and goal progress. Journal of Research in Personality. 

Audet, E., Levine, S., Holding, A., Koestner, R., Powers, T. (2020). A remarkable alliance: Sibling autonomy support and goal progress in emerging adulthood. Family Relations.

Holding, A.C., Barlow, M., Koestner, R., Wrosch, C. (2020). Why Are We Together? A Dyadic Longitudinal Investigation of Relationship Motivation, Goal Progress and Adjustment. Journal of Personality. 

Koestner, R., Powers, T. A., Holding, A. C., Hope, N., & Milyavskaya, M. (2020). The relation of parental support of emerging adults’ goals to well-being over time: The mediating roles of goal progress and autonomy need satisfaction. Motivation Science.

Moore, A.M., Holding, A., Verner-Filion, J., Harvey, B.C., Koestner, R. (2019). A longitudinal investigation of trait-goal concordance on goal progress. Journal of Personality.

Holding, A. C., Fortin, J., Carpentier, J., Hope. N., & Koestner, R. (2019) Letting go of gold: Examining the role of autonomy in elite athletes’ disengagement from their athletic careers and well-being in retirement. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology. 

Holding, A. C., Hope, N. H., Harvey, B., Marion Jetten, A. S., & Koestner, R. (2017). Stuck in limbo: Motivational antecedents and consequences of experiencing action crises in personal goal pursuit. Journal of Personality, 85(6), 893-905.

Hope, N. H., Milyavskaya, M., Holding, A. C., & Koestner, R. (2016). The humble path to progress: Goal-specific aspirational content predicts goal progress and goal vitality. Personality and Individual Differences, 90, 99-107. 

Werner, K. M., Milyavskaya, M., Foxen-Craft, E., & Koestner, R. (2016). Some goals just feel easier: Self-concordance leads to goal progress through subjective ease, not effort. Personality and Individual Differences, 96, 237-242.

Milyavskaya, M., Inzlicht, M., Hope, N., & Koestner, R. (2015). Saying “no” to temptation: Want-to motivation improves self-regulation by reducing temptation rather than by increasing self-control. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 109(4), 677.

Koestner, R., Powers, T. A., Milyavskaya, M., Carbonneau, N., & Hope, N. (2014). Goal Internalization and Persistence as a Function of Autonomous and Directive Forms of Goal Support. Journal of Personality.

Hope, N., Koestner, R., & Milyavskaya, M. (2014). The Role of Self-Compassion in Goal Pursuit and Well-Being Among University Freshman. Self and Identity, 1-15.

Koestner, R. (2008)  Reaching one’s personal goals: A motivational analysis focusing on autonomy. Canadian Psychologist, 49, 60-67.


Koestner, R., Otis, N., Powers, T., Pelletier, L., & Gagnon, H. (2008) Autonomous motivation, controlled motivation and goal progress. Journal of Personality, 76, 1201- 1230. 

Confetti Storm


Moore, E., Holding, A. C., Moore, A., Levine, S. L., Powers, T. A., Zuroff, D. C., & Koestner, R. (2021). The role of goal-related autonomy: A self-determination theory analysis of perfectionism, poor goal progress, and depressive symptoms. Journal of Counseling Psychology

Moore, E., Holding, A. C., Hope, N. H., Harvey, B., Powers, T. A., Zuroff, D., & Koestner, R. (2018). Perfectionism and the pursuit of personal goals: A self-determination theory analysis. Motivation and Emotion, 42(1), 37-49.

Harvey, B. C., Moore, A. M., & Koestner, R. (2017). Distinguishing Personal Standards and Self-critical Perfectionism in School-aged Children: Divergent patterns of Perceived Parenting, Personal Affect and School Performance. Personality and Individual Differences, 113, 136-141.

Harvey, B., Milyavskaya, M., Saffran, M., Hope, N., Powers, T., & Koestner, R. (2015). Affect Variation Across Days of the Week: Influences of Perfectionism and Academic Motivation. Motivation and Emotion

Couple Looking at Landscape



Levine, S. L., Cherrier, S., Holding, A. C., & Koestner, R. (2020). For the love of reading: Recreational reading reduces psychological distress in college students and autonomous motivation is the key. Journal of American College Health

Holding, A.C., St-Jacques, A., & Verner-Filion, J., & Kachanoff, F., Koestner, R. (2020). Sacrifice—but at what price? A longitudinal study of young adults’ sacrifice of basic psychological needs in pursuit of career goals. Motivation and Emotion. 

Hope, N. H., Holding, A. C., Verner-Filion, J., Sheldon, K. M., & Koestner, R. (2018). The path from intrinsic aspirations to subjective well-being is mediated by changes in basic psychological need satisfaction and autonomous motivation: A large prospective test. Motivation and Emotion. 

Hope, N. H., Milyavskaya, M., Holding, A. C., & Koestner, R. (2013). Self-Growth in the College Years Increased Importance of Intrinsic Values Predicts Resolution of Identity and Intimacy Stages. Social Psychological and Personality Science,  Advanced online publication.

Milyavskaya, M., Philippe, F. L., & Koestner, R. (2013). Psychological need satisfaction across levels of experience: Their organization and contribution to general well-being. Journal of Research in Personality, 47(1), 41-51.

Lekes, N., Hope, N. H., Gouveia, L., Koestner, R., & Philippe, F. L. (2012). Influencing value priorities and increasing well-being: The effects of reflecting on intrinsic values. The Journal of Positive Psychology7(3), 249-261.

Milyavskaya, M., & Koestner, R. (2011). Psychological needs, motivation, and well-being: A test of self-determination theory across multiple domains. Personality and Individual Differences, 50 (3), 387-391.

Milyavskaya, M., Gingras, I., Mageau, G. A., Koestner, R., Gagnon, H., Fang, J., & Boiché, J. (2009). Balance across contexts: Importance of balanced need satisfaction across various life domains. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35(8), 1031-1045.

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